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Hearing loss affects one in six

Hearing loss affects one in six

Sixteen percent of adults suffer from hearing loss great enough to adversely affect their daily life. One of the major causes of hearing loss is ageing. Another common reason is exposure to noise. Some diseases can also lead to hearing problems. 

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Consequences of hearing loss

Hearing loss can have a range of consequences. The implications differ from person to person, but most people with hearing impairment suffer some social, psychological and physical problems as a result of their hearing loss. Consequences

Causes of hearing loss

We all lose our hearing sooner or later, and is a natural consequence of getting older. Another common reason for hearing problems is exposure to noise, but it can also occur as a result of disease, infections or drugs. It may be inherited or be a result of physical damage to the ears or serious injuries to the head. Causes

Definition of hearing loss

Hearing loss are divided into categories. The most common categories of hearing loss classifications are mild, moderate, severe and profound hearing loss. Definition

Types of hearing loss

There are a series of different types of hearing loss. A hearing loss can be conductive or sensorineural. If the ear’s ability to conduct sound into the inner ear is blocked or reduced, it is a conductive hearing loss.  If the hair cells in the inner ear are damaged, it is called a sensorineural hearing loss. A type of sensorineural hearing loss is called a age-related hearing loss also known as Presbyacusis. If there are problems with conducting sound to the inner ear and the hair cells in the inner ear are damaged at the same time, it is called a mixed hearing loss. A noise-induced hearing loss is a permanent hearing loss caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of noise.

Children and hearing loss

Children can also experience hearing loss. Hearing problems in smaller children is normally caused by genetic factors, physical abnormalities in the ear or it might be caused by certain diseases. In larger children and especially teenagers the hearing problems may often be a result of noise exposure.

Treatment of hearing loss

Hearing loss can be treated, but hearing cannot be restored. In most cases, hearing loss is treated with the use of hearing aids. Some are treated with different types of implants and surgery may cure some types of conductive hearing loss.

Preventing hearing loss

We all lose some of our hearing as we age, but some lose more of their hearing than others. You cannot protect yourself from hearing loss due to age.  But you can protect yourself from too much noise exposure. You should also be aware that certain medications and lifestyles may increase the risk of hearing loss. Read more about preventing hearing loss.


Tinnitus is sounds in the ears or head which do not come from external sound sources. Tinnitus can be experienced as e.g. a hissing or ringing sound. Almost everybody experiences temporary tinnitus, but many have permanent tinnitus which some find very annoying. A connection between tinnitus and hearing loss has been proven and many people with tinnitus often also have a hearing loss.

The ear

A hearing loss occurs when the ear’s ability to conduct sound from the outer ear, through the middle ear into the inner ear and further into the brain is damaged or reduced.

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