Otosclerosis is an excessive growth of bony material around the oval window implying the risk of a fixation/rooting of the base of the stapes (stirrup). Otosclerosis leads to conductive hearing loss because the middle ear can no longer transmit sounds properly from the eardrum to the inner ear. Otosclerosis is a rather common disease, and women are more likely to contract Otosclerosis than men, and Otosclerosis may be inherited. It can be corrected surgically or alleviated by hearing aids.

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